Food Poisoning Germs: Bacteria – Staphylococcus Aureus

Food Poisoning Bacterium: Staphylococcus Aureus

Food poisoning bacterium: Staphylococcus AureusStaphylococcus Aureus: This is a spherical bacterium which causes food poisoning appears in pairs, short chains, or bunched, grape-like clusters. They are gram positive. This bacterium is normally found in meat and its products, poultry products, salads like potato, egg, macaroni, chicken, and tuna. It is even found in bakery products like cream-filled pastries, cream pies, and chocolate eclairs, and milk and dairy products.

This bacterium is present in air, dust, sewage, water, milk, and food or on food equipment, environmental surfaces, humans, and animals. However, humans and animals are the main carriers of this bacterium. This bacterium can be found in nasal passages, throats, hair and skin of a healthy individual.

In most cases of food poisoning, this bacterium is not life threatening. However, for the elderly persons, infants, and the individuals who have weak immune systems this can be deadly. Normally, a victim of food poisoning shows the symptoms like vomiting, stomach pain, nausea and prostration. If that person is badly affected then he may experience headache, fluctuation in pulse rate and blood pressure, muscle pain.

In this food poisoning type, the severity and duration of the symptoms depend on an individual’s immune system, the amount of the toxins present in the contaminated food and the amount of contaminated food consumed. The recovery from this food poisoning illness may take 2 – 4 days depending on the severity of an individual case.

Food Poisoning Germs: Bacteria – Salmonella

Food Poisoning Bacterium: Salmonella

Food poisoning germs: SalmonellaSalmonella: This bacterium is a close relative to Escherichia Coli. It is notorious for causing typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, and salmonellosis – food poisoning ailment. It harms both humans and other animals. This bacterium can be found in poultry products, raw meet, raw unclean vegetables, polluted water and unpasteurized dairy products. It is also found in the gut and feces of both animals and humans.

Salmonella is considered as the second most common cause of food poisoning. The symptoms such as fever, vomiting, severe stomach pain and diarrhea may show up within a few hours of bacteria infection or take 2 more days. In some cases, especially if the infected individual is a child or an aged one, this infection can be deadliest. The symptoms of this food poisoning type may keep showing up to 3 – 4 weeks and lead to health complications.

Food Poisoning Germs: Bacteria – Escherichia Coli

Food Poisoning Bacterium: Escherichia Coli

food poisoning bacterium: ecoliEscherichia Coli: This is another type of bacterium responsible for food poisoning is normally found in raw vegetables, unpasteurized dairy products, live animals, contaminated water, and raw or undercooked meats. Even swimming in contaminated lakes, pools can pave the way to these deadliest bacteria to harm an individual. It can thrive in apple juice too if it is unpasteurized.

Like campylobacter, this bacterium is also spread via cross-contamination. This germ easily spread from person to person. Another carrier of these bacteria is filth flies. A small group of this bacterium can easily make an individual to fall sick by causing food poisoning. This bacterium also cannot survive at high temperature.

The symptoms of food poisoning caused by this bacterium may occur within few hours after the consumption or take 2 – 5 days. The children below the age of 6 and the elderly people are the easy targets to this bacterium. The common symptoms of this food poisoning type are severe stomach pain, mild fever and watery diarrhea. In later stage, if left untreated, an individual will experience bloody diarrhea. Then kidney failure will follow and leads to death of that person. Hence, food poisoning caused by Escherichia Coli Bacterium should be treated immediately.

Food Poisoning Germs: Bacteria – Campylobacter

The bacteria have the ability to cause food poisoning in two ways. Some of them attack intestines and prevent it from absorbing nutrients and water. This action leads to the diarrhea. Other bacteria release deadly toxins in foods which cause nausea, vomiting, kidney failure in human and finally leading to death.

In future, I will be introducing you to different types of bacteria which can cause havoc among the humans in short span of time. Now, I will begin with Campylobacter.

Campylobacter: This bacterium is usually found in raw meat and poultry products, untreated water, and unpasteurized milk. Birds and animals are the carriers of this bacterium. There are a dozen of harmful species of campylobacter. A small group of campylobacter is enough to cause food poisoning. The best way to prevent this bacterium from causing any harm is to cook food very well and use pasteurized milk only.

Food poisoning germs: CampylobacterThis bacterium normally spreads through cross-contamination. The usual symptoms of this food poisoning type are fever, tiredness, severe stomach pain, headache and diarrhea. Though these symptoms occur within 2 – 5 days after the consumption of contaminated food, they will stay for about 10 days. When the food poisoning occurs caused by this bacterium and you experience bloody diarrhea, then you should visit your doctor immediately.

Food Poisoning Germs: Viruses

Food poisoning is caused by some harmful germs which contaminate food items. When an individual consumes these contaminated food items, the harmful gems attack that person to cause sickness. In that case, food poisoning treatment should be given to that person immediately.

There are two important types of germs which cause food poisoning via contaminated food. They are grouped as bacteria and viruses. Let us begin with Viruses.

Viruses play major role in contaminating food and then causing food poisoning. In food poisoning, three groups of viruses are very notorious for harming people. Let us have a glimpse at each of them.

food poisoning viruses: norovirusNoroviruses: These viruses come from Caliciiridae family. They are round in shape. The ailment they cause is well known as stomach flu. They spread through contaminated water, shellfish, vegetables and person. The ailments caused by Noroviruses are commonly found in densely populated area like schools, hostels, restaurants, prisons, hospitals and cruise ships.
Though the severity of the ailments is mild, the symptoms contain diarrhea, low grade fever, vomiting, weakness, headache, loss of taste, nausea, and abdominal pain. The symptoms remain for 2 – 3 days and then disappear. Adults suffer more from this type of viruses.

food poisoning virus: rotavirusRotaviruses: These viruses belong to Reoviridae family. They severely affect infants and small children causing diarrhea. There are seven known species of Rotavirus. Among them, Rotavirus A is most notorious. These viruses are transmitted through contaminated hands, surfaces or objects which have come into the contact of either animal or human feces.

The symptoms of Rotavirus infection appear two days after an individual gets affected. The symptoms of this food poisoning infection are as follows; watery diarrhea, low grade fever and vomiting. The infected individual may die of dehydration if the proper treatment is not provided.

food poisoning virus: hepatitis AHepatitis A: This virus causes an acute infectious disease which is well known as Hepatitis A. This virus can affect an individual of any age. This virus thrives where hygiene conditions lack. Hepatitis A is spread by the fecal – oral route and this disease spreads quickly in a densely populated area. The most common media to spread this virus is contaminated food.

The symptoms take around 2 – 6 weeks to show up. The early symptoms of this food poisoning ailment resemble that of influenza. Hence, this will lead to lots of confusion. In some cases, the symptoms return after 6 – 9 months from the first appearance in an individual. The common symptoms are as follows; fever, nausea, depression, itching, diarrhea, jaundice, stomach pain, fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite, light colored feces etc.

Now, you have become familiar with these three types of virus. Hence, you should be careful from becoming one of the food poisoning victims of these viruses.